A Korean businessman has introduced the mobile poultry cage system likely to transform poultry farming in Rwanda.
The cage system enables poultry farmers to rare many chicken on small land and systematically cutting down on related diseases mostly facilitated by contact with ground.
San Ju Parkin November 2015 registered Gorilla Feed Company in Rwanda. His company was interested in production of over 600 tons per month of livestock feeds.
However, five months ago, his clients complained that space to grow their business was still challenging.
â€œWe introduced the poultry cage system which can work from anywhere, even in a smaller home space in the congested Kigali city,â€ said Ernest Habimana, the Gorilla Feed co sales Manager.
He says the chicken are placed in built storied cages, allowing them to be raised without any contact with the ground, the source of most ofÂ chicken diseases.
The cages measure 40square centimeters hosting 3 chicken, and a clientsare free to choose as many cages as they wants. An inbuilt cage system of 6 square meters can accommodate between 90 to 120 chicken. It costs Rwf 200,000.
Chicken experts say, the existing system of a farming area where you raise 100 chickens on ground, can accommodate 250 chickens in a cage system.
How to feed chicken in cage system
In the cage system, the chicken will spend most its life span in air. The cage system offers a better technology of feeding; every floor of cages is surrounded by a feeder, where a farmer places chicken feeds.
It also contains a water system whereby a small water container at every floor is connected to a pipe that is installed around cages upper side. Pipes are installed with small taps where the hen drinks water by just pecking.
â€œFeeding from the cages protects chicken from diseases that affect chickens from the ground,â€ says Peter Shabayiro, a chicken specialist at Gorilla feeds.
On the ground, chicken stay in wood dust which offers favourable conditions for growth of chicken parasites.
Once in the wings, mites suck chicken blood and inhibit growth, said Shabayiro.
Lack of sufficient cleanness from the ground can also cause diarrhea in the poultry.
Shabayiro indicates that lay breeder chicken is divided into four main stages of feeding including; chick starters from day one today six, then growers mash, pre-layers mash and layers mash at the 4th month when a chicken starts laying eggs every day for one year.
Their feeds increases from 10 grams to 150 grams per day and they mainly combine energy and protein nutrients.
â€œThe energy percentage in chicken feed formula increases with time, while protein goes decreasing,â€ said Shabayiro.
Among others, energy is brought by maize flour, while protein is contributed by soya flour.
Silver fish-ndagala- is not recommended because, Shabayilo says, they are a source of many diseases if their drying process was not handled with care to avoid moisture.
Storage of feeds with silver fish nutrients is also challenging because it is favorable to parasites.
Fed in favorable conditions and in cages, layers produce 5% of eggs the first week, meaning that in 100 chicken, only 5 will lay eggs.